is a Fork Lift Truck ?
Forklifts are mobile vehicles powered by electric motors or
internal combustion engines and used to carry, push, pull, lift,
stack, or tier materials controlled by a rider or pedestrian
operator, indoors or outdoors.
Forklifts are used in a variety of applications, including,
but not limited to, manufacturing, construction, retail, meat
and poultry processing, lumber and building supplies, trades,
agriculture, and a variety of warehouse operations.
Industrial Truck Association (ITA) has defined seven classes
of forklifts. These classes are defined by the type of engine,
work environment (indoors, outdoors, narrow aisle, smooth or
rough surfaces), operator positions (sit down or standing),
and equipment characteristics (type of tire, maximum grade).
Any power-operated industrial truck not in safe operating condition
shall be removed from service andall repairs made by authorised
No truck should be operated with a leak in the fuel system until
the leak has been corrected.
Repairs to the fuel and ignition system which involve fire hazards
must be conducted only in designatedrepair locations.
When working on the electrical system the battery must be disconnected.
All parts that are replaced must be replaced with parts equivalent
as to safety with those used in the original design.
Before and end of shift maintenance and safety checks need to
be preformed before the forklift is used. Defects need to be
reported and corrected before the fork lift is used. (See appendix
1. for an example of asafety and maintenance checklist.)
Water mufflers shall be filled daily or as frequently as necessary
to prevent depletion of the watersupply below 75 percent of
the filled capacity.
Vehicles with mufflers having screens or other parts that may
become clogged must be cleaned of anydebris or unclogged before
Any vehicle that emits hazardous sparks or flames from the exhaust
system shall immediately beremoved from service and repaired.
Vehicles with any overheating problems must be removed from
service immediately and repaired.
Industrial trucks must be kept clean, free of lint, excess oil,
and grease. Noncombustible agentsshould be used for cleaning
trucks. Low flash points (below 100 deg F.) solvents shall not